It had been Paul's intention to visit Corinth himself 1 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians during his third missionary journey about 54 - 58 AD as soon as possible after sending the first letter.
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However, possibly due to Timothy having by then returned to Paul 1 Corinthians ; 1 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians after delivering the letter and bringing sad news from Corinth Paul decided to give up his plan and instead sent Titus to Corinth first. Titus was to check the further development of the assembly in Corinth as well as to prepare the collection for the poor brethren in Judaea and Jerusalem 2 Corinthians ; already mentioned in 1 Corinthians In the meantime Paul had left Ephesus possibly because of the tumult described in Acts ; see also 2 Corinthians First he preached the gospel in Troas, then, not having had peace of mind to stay in Troas, he moved on to Macedonia where he met with Titus 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians Following his partly good, partly not so good reports Paul then wrote the second letter to the Corinthians from Macedonia 2 Corinthians which was then probably taken by Titus to Corinth 2 Corinthians It is estimated this second letter was written at the end of the same year the first letter to the Corinthians had been written, i.
The Second Epistle to the Corinthians is considered one of the most difficult letters of the New Testament. It is one of the most personal testimonies of the Apostle Paul in conjunction with the Epistle to the Philippians.
Unlike the First Epistle to the Corinthians it contains next to no instructive passages but many expressing the personal feelings of Paul. While the first letter is characterised by authority and doctrine the second letter shows much more the inner motives of Paul's service for the Lord e.
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The word "service" therefore is to be found twelve times in this letter, the words "encourage" and "encouragement" 16 times together — much more frequently than in Paul's other epistles. When Paul met Titus he learned that many things had changed for the better in Corinth since his first letter 2 Corinthians The meeting had grievingly excluded the sinner mentioned in 1 Corinthians 5 2 Corinthians Paul therefore exhorted them to show him grace as he had now come to repentance 2 Corinthians In the first seven chapters he writes much on the motives of his actions of which the Lord Jesus Christ was the source of strength 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians In the second part of the letter 2 Corinthians 8; 2 Corinthians 9 Paul deals at length with the collection for poor brethren in Judaea already mentioned in 1 Corinthians 16 which was an important concern for him see also Galatians and Romans Here also he continues in his endeavour to reach the hearts and feelings of the Corinthians.
In the third part chapters 10 to Paul has to deal with another negative topic already alluded to in the first letter: his mission and service as apostle of Jesus Christ compare 1 Corinthians ff. Then there had been doubts in relation to his apostolic authority but now he has to deal with the strong resistance of a party, i. They requested that Paul identify himself in writing as apostle and servant of Christ ff; , they assumed apostolic authority ; ; ; ; , they insisted on their Jewish ancestry , and they taught false teachings ; Paul does not discuss his apostleship based on visible proof but rather tries again to reach the hearts of these badly influenced Corinthians by telling them about his life and his service for his beloved Lord ; ; ; ; ; Therefore this part of the letter is written in a much more severe and harder style than the other parts.
The general subject of the second epistle to the Corinthians is therefore the service and the authority of the apostle Paul in relation to the Corinthians.
2 Corinthians Overview - Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible
The apostle Paul calls Titus "my own child according to the faith common to us" Titus , i. Titus would have found faith in the Lord Jesus through Paul. He became a close co-worker of the apostle. However, it is peculiar that Luke does not mention his name in Acts at all.
But nine times out of thirteen the name Titus is found in the New Testament occur in the Second Epistle to the Corinthians ; ; ; ; ; ; ; twice. Titus is first mentioned in Galatians Paul and Barnabas took Titus with them from Antioch to Jerusalem when they met there with the other apostles and elders for discussions concerning the law.
Here we learn that Titus was of Greek origin. After the first letter was sent to the Corinthians from Ephesus Paul sent Titus to Corinth 2 Corinthians to look into things. Shortly after they meet again in Macedonia after Paul had waited in vain for Titus at Troas 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians Then Titus with two other brothers travelled once more to Corinth bringing them the second letter 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians A few years later Paul wrote a letter to Titus which bears Titus' name.
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